Until recently the only historical connection that I was aware of between Framingham and Clara Barton, founder of the American Red Cross and one of the most famous women in American history, has been her brief term of service as superintendent of the state prison for women now known as MCI-Framingham. But now I am pleased to report that I have been able to confirm a stronger and more personal connection – one that goes back to the very origins of Framingham as an incorporated town.
Clara Barton was born Clarissa Harlow Barton in 1821 in Oxford, a town about twenty-four miles west of Framingham. She came to fame during the Civil War as a tireless advocate of relief and care for wounded soldiers, organizing field hospitals, and searching for men missing in action. While doing similar work in Europe during the Franco-Prussian War, she learned of the International Red Cross, and on returning home she worked to establish the American Red Cross, which was accomplished in 1881. When Civil War General Benjamin Butler became Governor of Massachusetts in 1883, he asked Clara Barton to become the third superintendent at the state prison that was then called the Reformatory Prison for Women at Sherborn. She complied reluctantly and spent an unhappy nine months running a prison whose mission was contrary to her deep humanitarian instincts. After her time at the prison, her career of bringing relief and aid to people stricken by war and natural disasters continued until her death in 1912.
As the prison was located on land that was within the Town of Sherborn during Clara Barton’s tenure (a boundary change brought it into Framingham in 1924), Framingham’s historical claim to Barton has been a tenuous one, until now. My suspicion that there may be a deeper connection began with three clues: 1) one of the settlers of the Salem End district of Framingham, which was populated by refugees from the 1692 witchcraft prosecutions of the Salem area, was a man named Samuel Barton; 2) many of the families that settled at Salem End, including John Town’s and Samuel Barton’s, migrated farther west to the town of Oxford; and 3) Clara Barton was born in Oxford one hundred years later. It therefore seemed likely that Clara Barton may have been a descendant of one of our founding families at Salem End.
The possibility of an early Clara Barton connection with Framingham was made even more interesting when I learned from Temple’s History of Framingham that Samuel Barton was married to Hannah Bridges Barton, who was a daughter of Sarah Clayes by her first husband, Edmund Bridges. If Clara was a direct descendant of Samuel Barton, then she would also be a direct descendant of Sarah Clayes, the most renowned of our Salem refugees. Sarah Clayes had been indicted for witchcraft herself and was imprisoned in jail in Ipswich. Two of her sisters were convicted of witchcraft and hanged on Gallows Hill. Sarah managed to escape and fled to Framingham Plantation where she and her husband Peter Clayes founded the Salem End colony in 1693, and where they helped to establish the Town of Framingham in 1700.
The answer to my mystery finally came via the Internet. I had been doing some genealogy research for a woman in Virginia who found me through the Framingham web page. One of her family lines involved the Clayes family. I asked about tracing the descendants of Sarah Clayes and referred to James Roome, official genealogist of the Towne Family Association. Sarah Clayes’s maiden name was Towne. To my delight Mr. Roome’s response to my inquiry was a detailed genealogy chart linking Sarah Clayes to Clara Barton in a direct line of descent.
After leaving Framingham, Samuel Barton settled in Oxford where he died. His son Edmund had been born in Framingham and eventually settled in Sutton, the town just east of Oxford. Edmund’s son Stephen apparently moved back to Oxford where his son, also named Stephen, was born. This second Stephen Barton was Clara Barton’s father. One wonders if Clara was aware that her ancestry included some of the “Salem witches”. When she lived in the brick superintendent’s house at the women’s prison, did she realize that only a few miles away her great-grandfather was born? And did she know the story of Sarah Clayes and her dramatic escape from Ipswich? During Clara Barton’s time that background may have been considered a dark family secret. Now the secret is out, and our appreciation of both Sarah Clayes and Clara Barton is all the stronger for it.
Originally published in the March 1998 Framingham Historical Society Newsletter by Stephen Herring, Framingham Town Historian
March 9th at 2:00 p.m.
Edgell Memorial Library
3 Oak St, Framingham
Enjoy tea while viewing a short lecture that will take you more deeply into our History in the Stitches exhibition. All guests are invited to stay and view the exhibition.
We knew Edna Dean Proctor was a local poetess during the Civil War era, but since we chose her 1870s tea gown for our exhibit we decided to do more digging. Storyteller Libby Franck will discuss Edna’s remarkable life including a solo trip to Russia. Libby is not able to join us for a live presentation on this day however, and Access Framingham has recorded her for our viewing.
Members $5; Non-members $10. Space is limited; Reservations required.
This submission written by storyteller and FHC volunteer Libby Franck (written in 2009)
Christmas at Shoppers World in Framingham (1951-1994) used to be truly festive. Two levels of stores surrounded an open courtyard. Bridged walkways let you walk from one side to the other. With Jordan Marsh at one end and General Cinema at the other, this was an inviting setting for Christmas shoppers. In the courtyard Santa held forth in the gazebo with a pen nearby for his reindeer. Huge blocks spelled out Joy to the World. And then there were the soldiers – a platoon of 24 wooden toy soldiers - the smallest of them 10 feet tall and the 20 foot tall General who commanded them. All were garbed in red, blue and gold, each smartly presenting a shiny black wooden rifle.
The idea came from a woman in the promotions department. The actual soldiers were made by Shoppers World maintenance worker and celebrated woodworker Hal Purrington. An underground workspace beneath Windsor Button Shop was turned into a veritable Santa’s toyshop from March Thanksgiving 1975. Each soldier was made up of 3 pieces, the head and body, the legs, and the gun. The legs were bolted to the body and the gun is detachable. Each piece was hand crafted assembly-line style. The train, the gazebo, and the Joy to the World Blocks were also the work of Purrington. When Shoppers World got ready for Christmas the soldiers were placed facing out each against a pillar on the lower level. The huge General had a fancier hat, no cross on his chest and held no gun. All were stored under Windsor Button Shop to await the next Christmas Season.
In 1994 Shoppers World was demolished and no one could manage the removal of the 20 foot General. Rumor has it that he lies buried under the rubble of the historic shopping Mall. The other soldiers were given away or sold.
In 1996 or 1997 the soldiers reappeared, scattered about Framingham, assigned their posts by the Parks and Recreation Department: the Common in Framingham Center, the Memorial Building, the bank next to Dunkin Donuts, the Common in Downtown Framingham, Bowditch Field, Amazing Things Arts Center, Cushing Park, ADESA Car Auction on the site of the old GM plant. Other soldiers can be spotted at the Sherborn Inn and two rest in a private garage on Water Street.
Who would you go to for wooden tub repairs? A cooper, of course!
A few months ago this wooden tub was in pieces. Time and weather conditions had caused the metal hoops to fall off and the pieces of wood had come apart. Why would we want to keep a broken tub you ask? Because it was made by Framingham resident Warren Nixon (1793 – 1872) between the 1830s-70s.
The provenance of an object (the object’s origin) is the most important reason why museums keep artifacts. In this case, Warren Nixon was a shoe cobbler and land surveyor who created the Framingham Map of 1832 along with Colonel Jonas Clayes. He was also the great-grandson of military hero General John Nixon, grandson of skilled carpenter Colonel Thomas Nixon Sr., and son of Revolutionary War fifer Captain Thomas Nixon Jr. All of these men were prominent Framingham residents and the family’s long history makes this tub a valuable object of Framingham’s history.
The cooper that kindly reassembled this tub was Strawbery Banke Museum‘s resident cooper Ron Raiselis. Mr. Raiselis was delighted to learn of the age and history of this tub and he wrote “my estimation is that this beautifully made tub was built between 1830 and 1870s. Excellent work that survived.” He goes on to say that the tub appears to have been white-washed or painted inside, often an indication of dairy use, but it could easily have been a laundry tub as well. What do you think was the original use of the tub?
Give the Gift of Framingham History
Saturday, December 10th
1:00-3:00 p.m. – FREE
Inside the Historic Village Hall*
2 Oak St, Framingham
Join us for our annual family holiday celebration!Read more >>